Contextual Notes – Singapore
In 1983 the theatre group Third Stage was established. They wrote and performed english- language (or Singlish) plays, based on socio-political issues. While their work was subsidised by the Ministry of Community Development, in 1987, four of the ten members of Third Stage were arrested as part of the ISA’s ‘Operation Spectrum’ for being involved in a so-called ‘Marxist conspiracy’ (two of those arrested were at the 1984 dinner – Wong Souk Yee, and Chng Suan Tze). The alleged leader of this conspiracy was Tan Wah Piow, living in exile in London since the 1976. Vincent Cheng, involved in liberation theology, was also arrested in 1987 whilst working as the Justice and Peace Commission for the Catholic Church in Singapore.
- Birch, D. (1990) ‘Singapore English Drama: An Exiled Theatre’. New Literature Review 19: 24-34
- Chong, T. (2011) The Theatre and the State in Singapore. Routledge.
- Lee Lai To (1988). ‘Singapore in 1987: Setting a New Agenda’. Asian Survey, Vol. 28, No. 2.
- Lim, A and Chng Suan Tze (editors) (2004). 5 Plays from the Third Stage.
- Peterson, W. (2001) Theatre and the Politics of Culture in Contemporary Singapore. Wesleyan University Press .
- Teo, S. (1987) ‘Arts meets politics in Singapore Third Stage’. Far Eastern Economic Review, 137.
- Teo Soh Lung (2011) Beyond the Blue Gate: Reflections of a Political Prisoner. Function 8.
- That We May Dream Again. Remembering the 1987 “Marxist Conspiracy” website
- ‘Kittenmask’ (2011) Aesthetic Revolution within the Police State: Tracing the Link between Art and Politics in Singapore
- Wong Souk Yee (2010) Third Stage. s/pores new directions in singapore studies